This type of apostolic administrator is usually the bishop of a titular see. A diocesan bishop who has completed his 75th year is requested by canon law to tender his resignation from office to the supreme pontiff. The Consultors’ letter says, Thawale was elected to fill the vacancy in fulfilment of Canon Law (Can. If a diocese has a coadjutor bishop, the coadjutor succeeds immediately to the episcopal see upon the previous bishop's death or resignation, and there is no vacancy of the see. A diocese becomes vacant whenever the diocesan bishop dies, retires, resigns, or is … However, sometimes the respective incumbent of the see never gained a papal confirmation, but was still invested with the princely power. Canon 427.1 states that a diocesan administrator has the power of a diocesan bishop, excluding those matters which are excepted by their very nature or by the law itself. So they then also elected Protestants as bishops, who usually were denied papal confirmation. The Canon Law text is from the Vatican web site and its English translation of the entire Canon. With many capitulars converting to Lutheranism or Calvinism during the Reformation, the majorities in many chapters consisted of Protestant capitulars. Canon law subjects his activity to various legal restrictions and to special supervision by the college of consultors (as for example canons 272 and 485). 3 This morning, Thursday June 18, 2020, the College of Consultors met by ZOOM. Unconfirmed incumbents of the sees were called Elected Bishops or Elected Archbishops. ... courts from interpreting canon law to resolve intra-church disputes. 2, #416-430, The Vacant See), and it doesn’t mention how long apostolic administrator appointments take. The college must elect as administrator a priest or bishop at least 35 years old. 22). 460-572) CODE OF CANON LAW . ... • Translations are from Code of Canon Law ---English Edition New Translation, prepared under the auspices of the Canon Law Society of America, Washington, D.C. 1999. When he has accepted election , the diocesan administrator obtains power and no other confirmation is required , without prejudice to the obligation mentioned in ⇒ can. This was because the emperor would have to use force to bar the candidates from ruling, with the emperors lacking the respective power or pursuing other goals. J. Coriden, -T. Green, -E. Heintschel, NY, 1985, p. 370. Cf. And there are a number of things which the law specifically does not permit an administrator to do. This type of apostolic administrator is usually the bishop of a titular see. The college of consultors elects an administrator within eight days after the see is known to be vacant. The election of a diocesan administrator is a fulfillment of Canon Law 421 (1) which states: “The College of Consultors must elect a Diocesan Administrator, namely the one who is … Relevance of age of majority isn't as important in church law as in secular law. They are restricted by canon law in what they can do to the diocese they temporarily administer. More importantly, it set the stage for the religious and political system of the High Middle Ages. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Warmia is a Metropolitan archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in Warmińsko-Mazurskie, Poland. Some Bishops ruled more than one bishopric for long. Originally ruled by Roman-Catholic bishops, after 1586 it was ruled by lay administrators and bishops who were members of the Protestant Holstein-Gottorp line of the House of Oldenburg.  If the college of consultors fails to elect a priest of the required minimum age within the time allotted, the choice of diocesan administrator passes to the metropolitan archbishop or, if the metropolitan see is vacant, to the senior by appointment of the suffragan bishops of the ecclesiastical province.. However, one common restriction was that administered prince-bishoprics were denied to emit their deputees to the diets of the Empire or of the imperial circles (German : Reichstag, or Kreistag, respectively). In any beside their primary bishopric, they would have to be called an administrator. Canonists have generally held that for … Administrators sede vacante or sede plena only serve in their role until a newly chosen diocesan bishop takes possession of the diocese. The period of time allowed before a new law after its official promulgation goes into force is known in the terminology of Canon Law as the vacatio legis. The title normally occurs only in Western Christian churches, such as the Latin Church of the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. Eike Wolgast: Hochstift und Reformation. It does mention that Judicial Vicars may step in. The Archdiocese of Wrocław is a Latin Rite archdiocese of the Catholic Church named after its capital Wrocław in Poland. The see also does not become vacant if the Pope appoints an apostolic administrator. 502 §3. Since the Investiture Controversy in 11th and 12th centuries the cathedral chapters used to elect the Catholic bishops in the Holy Roman Empire. How can this be translated into the role of the diocesan (See Code of Canon Law, no’s 502-510).  Canon law subjects his activity to various legal restrictions and to special supervision by the college of consultors (as for example canons 272 and 485). The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was a conflict between church and state in medieval Europe over the ability to install high church officials through investiture. Codex Iuris Canonici Canons 431–432 (1917). The Diocese and Prince-bishopric of Schwerin was a Catholic diocese in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, in Germany. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the neighboring Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories. Canon 98 Majority §1 One who reaches majority has full rights in the church. Documents are not to be removed from the secret archive or safe. Other age canons include: bishop, married deacon and diocesan administrator 35, VG, JV and EV 30, Priest 25, final religious profession 21. The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western and Central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.  The college must elect as administrator a priest or bishop at least 35 years old. This was because the emperor would have to use force to bar the candidates from ruling, with the emperors lacking the respective power or pursuing other goals. According to both Anglican and Catholic canon law, a cathedral chapter is a college of clerics (chapter) formed to advise a bishop and, in the case of a vacancy of the episcopal see in some countries, to govern the diocese during the vacancy.  Capitular election was the default rule before the adoption of the 1983 Code of Canon Law; this old default rule is reflected in the term for the equivalent of a diocesan administrator in the 1917 code: vicar capitular. This was the case with Catholic candidates, who were elected for an episcopal see with its revenues as a mere appanage and with all Protestant candidates, who all lacked either the necessary vocational training or the papal confirmation. The smaller body usually consists of the residentiary members and is included in the larger one. So they then also elected Protestants as bishops, who usually were denied papal confirmation. These chapters are made up of canons and other officers, while in the Church of England chapters now includes a number of lay appointees; in the Roman Catholic Church their creation is the purview of the pope. Bishop-elect Kulick, a 54-year-old canon lawyer, has served as diocesan administrator since Sept. 15, when he was elected to the post by the diocese’s College of … Studien zur Geschichte der Reichskirche zwischen 1517 und 1648, Stuttgart 1995, Catholic Church hierarchy#Equivalents of diocesan bishops in law, Code of Canon Law, canons 421 §2 and 425 §3, Out-of-date article in the Catholic Encyclopedia, written before the Codes of Canon Law of 1917 and 1983 altered the conditions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diocesan_administrator&oldid=912976561, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 August 2019, at 02:59. The juridic figure of “Moderator” of the diocesan curia did not exist in ecclesiastical tradition or universal legislation until the promulgation of the 1983 Code of Canon Law. Canon 537 also states that parish finance councils are governed by the norms laid down by the diocesan bishop. The diocesan administrator has greater powers, essentially those of a bishop except for matters excepted by the nature of the matter or expressly by law. Before the election of the diocesan administrator of a vacant see, the governance of the see is entrusted, with the powers of a vicar general, to the auxiliary bishop, if there is one, or to the senior among them, if there are several, otherwise to the college of consultors as a whole.  The college must elect as administrator a priest or bishop at least 35 years old. J. H. PROVOST, “Title II. Among the Eastern churches, the Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Kerala uses this title and remains an exception. An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Bishopric of Halberstadt was a Roman Catholic diocese and a state within the Holy Roman Empire, the Prince-bishopric of Halberstadt.  In their dioceses as well as in their territories, they had almost the same power as Catholic prince-bishops. Nevertheless, in local tradition often they are called bishops in all their bishoprics. . Eike Wolgast: Hochstift und Reformation. The power of governance is attached to the office of administrator (canon 131, § 1). Prince-bishoprics, which were ruled by Protestants, were the following: The Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, also Archbishopric of Bremen, — not to be confused with the former Archdiocese of Bremen, and the modern Archdiocese of Hamburg, founded in 1994 — was an ecclesiastical principality (787–1566/1648) of the Holy Roman Empire, which after its definitive secularization in 1648, became the hereditary Duchy of Bremen. The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic archdiocese (969–1552) and Prince-Archbishopric (1180–1680) of the Holy Roman Empire centered on the city of Magdeburg on the Elbe River. The members are consequently said to be incorporated, or to form a corporation.  If the college of consultors fails to elect a priest of the required minimum age within the time allotted, the choice of diocesan administrator passes to the metropolitan archbishop or, if the metropolitan see is vacant, to the senior by appointment of the suffragan bishops of the ecclesiastical province.  In those countries in which the episcopal conference has transferred the functions, the cathedral chapter, and not the consultors, elect the diocesan administrator. However, he is given authority to appoint pastors if no archbishop is named within a year of Archbishop Buechlein’s retirement. Prince-bishoprics were elective monarchies of imperial immediacy within the Empire, with the monarch being the respective bishop usually elected by the chapter and confirmed by the Holy See, or exceptionally only appointed by the Holy See. Under the code of canon law, an interim apostolic or diocesan administrator must be appointed to oversee the affairs of the diocese when the diocese becomes vacant. With many capitulars converting to Lutheranism or Calvinism during the Reformation, the majorities in many chapters consisted of Protestant capitulars. The administrator is also prohibited by canon law from naming pastors of parishes. The information that Protestant clerical rulers would generally have been called administrators, as written in several encyclopedies, does not fit historically documented practice. 365, 366, §1) and even the conciliar decree Christus Dominus (no. Canon law itself denies the administrator the power to perform certain actions that are permitted to the diocesan bishop. (Cann. A similar situation was in a number of imperially immediate abbeys with their prince-abbots and princess-abbesses. The twelve members of the Diocesan Chapter also fulfil the role of College of Consultors in the Diocese of Clogher, thereby acting as senior advisers to the bishop and, in the event of a vacant See, electing a Diocesan Administrator when required to do so. Its capital was Halberstadt in present-day Saxony-Anhalt, north of the Harz mountain range, Germany. Church nor to all the Eastern Churches” (c. 1493, §2). For a shorter and more-readable narrative about Canon Law requirements on finances, see the two-page summary “Canon Law and Diocesan Finance Councils.” Canon Laws on the Diocesan Finance Council Canon …  The college must elect as administrator a priest or bishop at least 35 years old. The twelve members of the Diocesan Chapter also fulfill the role of College of Consultors in the Diocese of Clogher, thereby acting as senior advisers to the bishop and, in the event of a vacant See, electing a Diocesan Administrator when required to do so. Code of Canon Law - Book II - The People of God - Part II. The title for the equivalent officer in the Eastern churches is syncellus and protosyncellus. For example, Church law allows the administrator to issue letters authorizing the ordination of diocesan priests or deacons but states he can only do so with the consent of the College of Consultors of the diocese. § 2 . The Papal Bull decreed that the new book of law was to go into effect on Whitsunday, May the nineteenth, 1918. Most of the prince-archbishopric lay rather in the area to the north of the city of Bremen, between the Weser and Elbe rivers. However, one common restriction was that administered prince-bishoprics were denied to emit their deputies to the diets of the Empire or of the imperial circles (German: Reichstag, or Kreistag, respectively). 3° to appoint a diocesan Administrator in accordance with canon 421 §2 and 425 §3. Handbook,” shall constitute the corpus of canon law for the Diocese of Charleston for parish administration. As vicar of the bishop, the vicar general exercises the bishop's ordinary executive power over the entire diocese and, thus, is the highest official in a diocese or other particular church after the diocesan bishop or his equivalent in canon law. (See Code of Canon Law, no’s 502-510). In modern times, the coadjutor automatically succeeds the diocesan bishop upon the latter's retirement, removal, or death. The coadjutor is a bishop himself, although he is also appointed as vicar general. A vicar general is the principal deputy of the bishop of a diocese for the exercise of administrative authority and possesses the title of local ordinary. §2 If a diocesan Administrator has not been legitimately elected within the prescribed time for whatever cause, his designation devolves upon Also the opposite occurred with a papally confirmed bishop, never invested as prince. Some (not all) of the Diocesan Bishop’s decisions require that they be given a hearing or “consulted;” other decisions require their consent when indicated in canon law. Sede vacante is a term for the state of an episcopal see while without a bishop. Auxiliary bishops can also be titular bishops of sees that no longer exist. The diocesan administrator remains in charge until a new bishop takes possession of the see or until …  Capitular election was the default rule before the adoption of the 1983 Code of Canon Law;  this old default rule is reflected in the term for the equivalent of a diocesan administrator in the 1917 code: vicar capitular. Many Protestant candidates, elected by the capitulars, neither achieved papal confirmation nor a liege indult, but nevertheless, as a matter of fact held de facto princely power. For example, such an admini… The diocesan administrator remains in charge until a new bishop takes possession of the see or until he presents his resignation to the college of consultors.. It should not be confused with the Diocese of Osnabrück, which was larger and over which the prince-bishop exercised only the spiritual authority of an ordinary bishop.
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